On this site we discuss legal issues from time to time. In this post we present a summary of legal terms as we use on this site.
Constitutional law is the area of law that deal with the organization of the state, the relations between different organs of the state and fundamental rights.
Administrative law deals with the relations between citizens and the government.
Civil law deals with the relations between citizens. Also called private law, as this area of law does not deal with the state. The other areas of law are considered to constitute public law.
Criminal law deals with punishing of crimes.There is some discussion whether criminal law should be private or public law, we contend that criminal law is a hybrid between public and private law, since the societal effects alongside the private aspects of crimes.
International law deals with the relations between sovereign states.
Fiscal law deals tax issues. Strictly speaking fiscal law is a subfield of administrative law, but is usually treated separately.
Procedural law deals how legal procedures, such as court cases, should be conducted. Whereas substantial law deals with the contents of legal issues.
Animal law deals with the relations between humans and animals. In most legal systems animals are still treated as property, but due to our commitment to animal welfare we intend to give animals a separate status in our new legal system.