Overview areas of law

On this site we discuss legal issues from time to time. In this post we present a summary of legal terms as we use on this site.

Constitutional law is the area of law that deal with the organization of the state, the relations between different organs of the state and fundamental rights.

Administrative law deals with the relations between citizens and the government.

Civil law deals with the relations between citizens. Also called private law, as this area of law does not deal with the state. The other areas of law are considered to constitute public law.

Criminal law deals with punishing of crimes.There is some discussion whether criminal law should be private or public law, we contend that criminal law is a hybrid between public and private law, since the societal effects alongside the private aspects of crimes.

International law deals with the relations between sovereign states.

Fiscal law deals tax issues. Strictly speaking fiscal law is a subfield of administrative law, but is usually treated separately.

Procedural law deals how legal procedures, such as court cases, should be conducted. Whereas substantial law deals with the contents of legal issues.

Animal law deals with the relations between humans and animals. In most legal systems animals are still treated as property, but due to our commitment to animal welfare we intend to give animals a separate status in our new legal system.

8 thoughts on “Overview areas of law”

    1. Mordan will be a civil law country, and case law will be subordinate to statutory law. Since there will be separate courts for the different branches of law, case law will be categorized according to the relevant branch.

    1. Corporate law is partially a subfield of civil law, as citizens are here defined as anyone and anything not part of the government, and partially a subfield of administrative law.

      1. It is distinct in the U.S. Corporations enjoy civil privileges not afforded to citizens such as “limited liability” protections. They are further privileged in criminal law since punishments like imprisonment cannot be exacted upon non-person corporate entities. Administratively, corporations are allowed to act with much more impunity than individual citizens with respect to legal constructs and practices.

        1. There’s of course a distinction between how things should be, and how thing actually works in practice.

          One of the reasons that US corporations can exploit the law, is that common law is a mess and produces an overcomplicated legal system with many possible loopholes. Consequently legal procedures are costly, and quess who can afford those costs…

          In civil law systems, precedents are not binding for courts. Instead courts are soley bound by the rules prescribed by statute. It’s therefore, much clearer what the law is.

          In the legal system we want to establish, directors and managers of corporations, can be hold responsible personally for their actions.

          On a more general note we want to reduce the influence of corporations by promoting worker and consumer cooperatives.

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