Homicide is a container term covering several instances of people killing other people. Some killers have been planning to kill one for years, while others are killed by accident. Too often all cases of homicide are referred to as “murder”, which is very unfortunate.
In this article we propose the following classification of homicide crimes.
- Aggravated murder
- Voluntary manslaughter
- Aggravated voluntary manslaughter
- Involuntary manslaughter
- Aggravated involuntary manslaughter
Murder is deliberate killing of another with premeditation. This means that the killer had the intent to kill his victim, but also that he had enough opportunity to consider his act.
Aggravated murder is murder committed with extraordinary factors. That is factors which make it worse than an ordinary murder. Think about mass or serial murders, or murders committed with torture.
Voluntary manslaughter is the intentional killing of another person, but without premeditation. This category includes most “impulse” killings. It often happens that people got so angry at others, that they want to kill them. However, in their anger they cannot think properly.
Aggravated voluntary manslaughter is basically killing some one in combination of another crime such robbery or rape.
Involuntary manslaughter is the accidental killing of a human being, but in such way that one has still some responsibility. A clear example would be killing a pedestrian while driving through red.
Aggravated involuntary manslaughter is causing the accidental death of people by severe negligence of their safety, such as by ignoring workplace safety legislation.
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