Types of homicide

Homicide is a container term covering several instances of people killing other people. Some killers have been planning to kill one for years, while others are killed by accident. Too often all cases of homicide are referred to as “murder”, which is very unfortunate.

In this article we propose the following classification of homicide crimes.

  1. Murder
  2. Aggravated murder
  3. Voluntary manslaughter
  4. Aggravated voluntary manslaughter
  5. Involuntary manslaughter
  6. Aggravated involuntary manslaughter

Murder is deliberate killing of another with premeditation. This means that the killer had the intent to kill his victim, but also that he had enough opportunity to consider his act.

Aggravated murder is murder committed with extraordinary factors. That is factors which make it worse than an ordinary murder. Think about mass or serial murders, or murders committed with torture.

Voluntary manslaughter is the intentional killing of another person, but without premeditation. This category includes most “impulse” killings. It often happens that people got so angry at others, that they want to kill them. However, in their anger they cannot think properly.

Aggravated voluntary manslaughter is basically killing some one in combination of another crime such robbery or rape.

Involuntary manslaughter is the accidental killing of a human being, but in such way that one has still some responsibility. A clear example would be killing a pedestrian while driving through red.

Aggravated involuntary manslaughter is causing the accidental death of people by severe negligence of their safety, such as by ignoring workplace safety legislation.


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7 thoughts on “Types of homicide”

  1. Society probably punishes the first 4 with prison time of some kind.
    But the last 2 would IMO bring the most punishment because of the mental anguish the manslaughter would bring.
    I may go to jail for life if I killed intentionally, but I might feel no regret for the planned murder. But if I caused death unintentionally by my carelessness and may not go to prison, I would suffer greatly.

    1. >>I may go to jail for life if I killed intentionally, but I might feel no regret for the planned murder.

      In case of such unregretful murders locking them up (at least for some time) might be an adequate method to protect society against further crimes.

      >>But if I caused death unintentionally by my carelessness and may not go to prison, I would suffer greatly.

      So we don’t need to any additional punishment in such case.

      1. One size never fits all, but we try to do our best.
        An unregretful murderer … such as a planned killing for abuse … might be locked up. But the killer might not be any threat to society for further crimes. In fact the killer/he/she might be so liberated and go on to do great things for society.

        Has the Republic of Lagrangia worked out the plan? 🙂

        1. We are working on it. But in our proposals for the criminal code is to give the courts a certain amount of discretion in sentencing, i.e. no fixed mandatory sentences as is common in certain places. In that way punishment could be adjusted for the particular case.

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