In paragraph I-1 of his discourses Machiavelli discussed the different origins of cities. In paragraph I-2 he then turns to the different ways a city can be governed. Continue reading Machiavelli’s Discourses and Space Settlements – part 2
The rubber tree (Hevea brasilienis) is the most important source of natural rubber. However, rubber trees might not be a suitable source for latex for space settlements, as it takes seven years for one tree to mature. Another issue with Hevea latex is that it contains proteins which cause allergic reactions in some people. Continue reading Latex for space settlements
There are some unsolved issues relating to space colonization. Two of them are the effects of low gravity and space radiation on the human body. Hence we propose two research programs before space colonization will be realized. Continue reading Two research proposals
Launching stuff from Earth into space is a costly affair because in order to launch a kilogram of payload, a multiple amount of mass of fuel is needed. Even if we would have a working non-rocket space launch system it will still take 34.84 kWh of energy to accelerate a 1 kg pay load to the escape velocity of our planet . There is no way around this since it is the bare minimum . Continue reading Natural tariffs
Several countries have legal restrictions on the ownership of real estate by non-resident foreigners, i.e. people who primarily live abroad. Various motivations exist for such restrictions, including irrational ones like blatant xenophobia. Continue reading On restrictions of foreign ownership of real estate
Conservationists and environmentalists often talk about the ecological footprint. That is the area required to provide one’ s way of life. Those with a higher lifestyle have a higher footprint than people with a lower lifestyle. Continue reading Conservation and space colonization
Some might be surprised to learn that an organization devoted to space colonization is dedicated to the cause of animal welfare. But those people overlook the fact that space colonization is for us not an end on itself, but rather a mean towards the end of creating a new society based on humanist values. Continue reading Space colonization and animal welfare
Interesting article. The arguments presented by Nielsen also explain why we oppose English as the official language of space settlements. As we want to establish a new society, a new culture, a new civilization, we need to have a new language. Though we will not go for Esperanto, Ido is more of our liking, as that language as already some reputation.
When I was younger I didn’t like languages. In school, I hated Irish and thought it was a complete waste of time. Why bother learning it when everyone spoke English? In fact what’s the use of any other language when it’s obvious that English is the international language? This view is very common among English native speakers and to a certain extent it’s true. English is one of the most spoken languages in the world and is by far the most common second language in the world. No matter where you travel in the world, you have a decent chance of finding an English speaker. International conferencesalmost always are held in English and over 90% of academic articles are published in English. So it seems like case closed, English is the global language, everyone speaks it and I should be thankful that I happen to be a native speaker.
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