Reasons for using surrogates vary, but are mostly related to female infertility due to a dysfunctional uterus. As alternative for surrogacy, uterine transplants are pioneered, mainly in Sweden and some Islamic countries. If artificial uteri would become a viable option, the entire issue of surrogacy might become moot.
We can distinguish two main different types of surrogacy:
- Traditional surrogacy;
- Gestational surrogacy.